Flat Feet occurs when the arch of the foot fully or partially collapses. Commonly, the arch is built with bones and joints and when it flattens, ligaments and tendons that hold those bones and joints become less rigid. This process interrupts the shock absorbing function and makes walking or running much more strenuous on the feet. Genetic deformities can result in this condition and other possible causes include pronation, bone growth issues, having a longer leg, weak muscles or ligaments and any types of severe injuries to the foot. Standing for a long time or bad fitting shoes can hinder the arch’s flexibility. When deformities increase the amounts of tension in the arch, complications like bunions, neuromas or corns can arise. All of these issues cause severe pain if flat feet are left untreated.
A typical result of flat feet is pronation, which leads to the foot turning in an inward direction, causing a twisting of the foot, muscles and tendons which extend from the leg to the foot. This makes an individual with this condition walk towards the inner edge of their foot. The Achilles tendon usually extends from the leg to the heel. However, if the foot is pronated, the tendon turns outward when it reaches the heel from the leg and causes the inner ankle bone to bulge. When this complication is not treated in a timely manner, other conditions could develop such as heel spurs, plantar fasciitis, sprains or painful arches. Our Patient Education Library is another source of information that can help you notice if your feet may be developing this condition.
Flat feet may appear to be a visual issue; however, they can turn into deformities or nagging issues that eventually causes more serious foot and ankle issues. Please contact us to start quality treatment for your flat feet today. Our foot doctor, Stavros O. Alexopoulos, DPM, provides optimal treatment for this condition. Please call us at (773) 561-8100 or visit us at My Chicago Foot Expert located in Chicago, IL to help get your feet diagnosed and put on the right treatment plan.