Calluses are triggered by recurrent stress on the skin of the foot, which causes the skin to perish and leave behind a hard surface. These pressures are usually from wearing inadequately fitted shoes or a deformity of the skin that creates this build-up. Calluses that develop on the feet can become painful and are usually the result of an irregular distribution of weight on the bottoms of the feet.
Treatment includes using appropriately-fitting and supportive shoes that can minimize pressure on the soles of the feet. Cushioning the feet is very helpful and can be done with pads or custom made orthotics that redistribute pressure points and prevent abnormal weight distribution. The calluses can also be scraped with a pumice stone or trimmed after soaking them in warm water to scrape away the layers of dead skin that make up the callus. Medicated creams can also be helpful in removing the dead skin tissues.
When the above methods are unsuccessful, surgical procedures may be required to alleviate pain. These procedures can help change the positioning of the bones in the feet to redistribute weight and minimize the formation of calluses. These techniques, however, come with risks such as nerve injury, infections or rigidity of the joints. Calluses may still form on other parts of the foot, necessitating further procedures to provide correction.
Calluses may appear harmless at first, but they can be hard to treat when not taken care of correctly. We advise that you contact us at My Chicago Foot Expert in their early stages of formation to prevent requiring invasive surgical procedures for treatment. Our foot doctor, Stavros O. Alexopoulos, DPM, has the experience to treat this condition and many other foot and ankle conditions. Please call our office located in Chicago, IL at (773) 561-8100. Our Patient Education Library can also help provide you with additional helpful information about maintaining proper foot and ankle health.